Studies [i] estimate that if the 10–20 million people who are believed to have hypertension in sub-Saharan Africa were treated effectively, about 250,000 deaths would be prevented annually.
These studies are part of a growing body of evidence reinforcing the best, proven-effective strategies for stroke prevention in developing countries. These strategies [ii] include identifying important risk factors around strokes and related chronic diseases, such as excessive salt intake, tobacco use and elevated blood pressure, and effective education methods for countering the effects.
A study on community-based interventions [iii] documented the various approaches that can be effective in the prevention and control of chronic diseases such as Type 2 Diabetes. A community-based approach that focuses on education and behavioral changes encompassing both individual and group work, health education, nutrition education, nutrition counseling, exercise and promoting physical activity, psychosocial approaches and lifestyle modification are impactful methods in the fight against chronic diseases.
For hepatitis C, another chronic disease, to be eliminated as a major public health threat by 2030, the World Health Organization (WHO) [iv] identifies diagnosing 90% of people living with hepatitis C, treating 80% of diagnosed people with direct-acting agents and drastically reducing new infections.
The importance of health intervention schemes has never been more pressing. It is essential that millions of people in Africa have access to life-saving healthcare services that will enable them to realize their life’s potential. Health intervention schemes will help move this vision toward reality.